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Qunu is a small rural village in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province. In his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom, Mandela describes Qunu as where he spent the happiest moments of his childhood.
Nelson Mandela's father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, was the chief "by blood and custom" of Mvezo, a position confirmed by the Regent of the Thembu, Jongintaba Dalindyebo. After his death in 1930, young Nelson was entrusted to the Regent.
While his autobiography Long Walk to Freedom says Mandela's father’s died when he was nine, historical evidence shows it must have been later, most likely 1930. In fact, the original Long Walk to Freedom manuscript (written on Robben Island) states the year as 1930. This date also appears in a document written in Mandela's own hand in 1964.
In a letter to his eldest daughter Maki Mandela, Nelson Mandela writes: "As you know I was baptised in the Methodist Church and was educated in Wesleyan schools - Clarkebury, Healdtown and at Fort Hare. I stayed at Wesley House. At Fort Hare I even became a Sunday school teacher."
Both Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo were expelled from Fort Hare in 1940 for political activism.
Nelson Mandela had four children with Evelyn Ntoko Mase – Thembekile (1945); Makaziwe (1947 – who died after nine months); Makgatho (1950); Makaziwe (1954)
Elected Transvaal ANC President; Convicted with J.S Moroka, Walter Sisulu and 17 others under the Suppression of Communism Act; Sentenced to nine months imprisonment with hard labour, suspended for two years; Elected first of ANC deputy presidents; Opens South Africa’s first black law firm with Oliver Tambo
Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo initiated the M-plan (M for Mandela), a strategy where the ANC would be broken down into cells so that it could continue to operate underground.
His 27 years in prison starts on this day.
Charged for sabotage in the Rivonia trial with Walter Sisulu, Denis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni
At the start of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial, Nelson Mandela delivered a speech from the dock which also became known as his “Prepared to Die" speech.
Video: Reflections on prison life
Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Nelson Mandela's eldest son, is killed in a car accident
Nelson Mandela rejects, through his daughter, Zindzi, South African President PW Botha's offer to release him if he renounces violence
On 11 February 1990 Nelson Mandela was finally released.
The UN declares 18 July international Mandela Day in recognition of Nelson Mandela's contribution to global peace and freedom.
Discharged after two nights.
Is admitted to hospital on 9 March
Is discharged from hospital on 10 March
Is admitted to hospital on 27 March
Is discharged from hospital on 6 April
Is admitted to hospital on 8 June
Dies at his Houghton home at age 95. Is surrounded by close family.