About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

New South African society

Adam, Heribert

1999. Corporatism as minority veto under ANC hegemony in South Africa. In Hermann Giliomee & Charles Simkins (eds.) The awkward embrace: one party domination and democracy. 261-280. Amsterdam: Overseas Publishers Associations.

Adam, Heribert, F. van Zyl & K. Moodley

1997. Comrades in Business, Post-liberation Politics in South Africa. Cape Town: Tafelberg.

Adebayo, Adedeji

1996a. Within or Apart? In Adebayo Adedeji (ed.) South Africa & Africa. Within or Apart?. 3-28. Cape Town: Sadri Books.

Adebayo, Adedeji

1996b. Towards a New African Order with a New South Africa. In Adebayo Adedeji (ed.) South Africa & Africa. Within or Apart?: 217-236. Cape Town: Sadri Books.

Africa, Nathalie 1999. Les politiques publiques en faveur du bien-être. Les ressources de I'institutionnalisation. In Gerard Conac, Francoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouvel Etat, Nouvelle Societe: 127-142. Paris: Economica.

Aicardi de Saint-Paul, Marc 1997. La reorganisation des forces armêes et de lindustrie d'armement. Afrique Contemporaine. 4e trimestre 1997: 208-222.

Alexander, Neville 2002. An Ordinary Country. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.

Amnesty International 2000. AI Report 2000.

Amnesty International 2000. South Africa: Amnesty International welcomes Government action against racially motivated violence by police. Amnesty International Index, 8th November 2000.

Amnesty International 2001. Al Report 2001.

Andrew, N. 1999. Le conflit foncier sur les exploitations agricoles blanches: le cas des labour tenants dans le Mpumalanga (Afrique du Sud). In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines et rêgionaux.401-426. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Andrews, Penelope E. 1999. Affirmative action in South Africa: transformation or tokenism ? Law in Context 15/2: 80-109.

Asmal, Kader 1996. South Africa in Africa: a South African perspective. In Adebayo Adedeji (ed.) South Africa & Africa. Within or Apart?: 29-36. Cape Town: Sadri Books.

Barnett, Clive 2000. Language Equity and the Politics of Representation in South African Media Reform. Social Identities 6/1: 64-90.

Berg Van der, Servaas 1998. Consolidating South African democracy: the political arithmetic of budgetary redistribution. African Affairs 97: 251-264.

Bertelsen, Eve 1998. Ads and amnesia: black advertising in the new South Africa. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past: The making of memory in South Africa: 221-241. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Binns, Tony & Etienne Nel 1999. Beyond the development impasse: the role of local economic development and community self-reliance in rural South Africa. The Journal of Modern African

Studies 37/3: 389-408.

Black, David R. & Larry A. Swatuk 1997. The 'New' South Africa in Africa: Some Tentative Conclusions and Prognostications. In Larry A. Swatuk & David R. Black (eds.) Bridging the Rift: The New South Africa in Africa: 221-246. Boulder: Westview Press.

Bond, Patrick 2000. Elite Transition. From Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa. London: Pluto Press.

Breytenbach, Willie 1999. The New National Party. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mandele to Mbeki: 114-124. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Brink, Andre 1998. Stories of history: reimagining the past in post-apartheid narrative. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 29-42. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Brits, Nicki 1997. The politics of transformation: confronting violence. Cantilevers Volume 3: 10-11.

Bryan, Conrad 1998. After the truth, it's time to pay up. Electronic Mail & Guardian, November 3ra'.

Butchart Alex, Brandon Hamber, Martin Terre Blanche & Mohamed Seedat 1998. Violence, Power and Mental Health Policy in Twentieth Century South Africa.

In D. Foster, M. Freeman & Y. Pillay (eds.), Mental Health Policy issues in South Africa: 236-262. Cape Town: Medical Association Multimedia Publications.

Calland, Richard 1999. Democratic government, South African style 1994-1999. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 1-15. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Calland, Richard & Thabani Masuku

2001. Tough on crime and strong on human rights: the challenge for us all. In Jeremy Sarkin, Yves Haeck, Johan Vande Lanotte (eds.) Resolving the tension between crime and human rights: An evaluation of European and South African issues 53-72. Antwerpen: Maklu.

Cêdiey, Eric 1999a. Construction et deconstruction de la nêgociation dans les relations industrielles sud-africaines. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines et regionaux 173-194. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Cêdiey, Eric 1999b. Sortir de I'apartheid au travail: la loi sud-africaine d'equite dans I'emploi. Afrique Contemporaine, n° 192, 4e trimestre: 19-29.

Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation

2000. Workshop Report. The Implementation of the TRC's Recommendations. Parktonian Hotel, Braamfontein, Johannesburg.

Charasse, Cecile 1997. La sante dans la nouvelle Afrique du Sud. Afrique Contemporaine, 4e trimestre: 247-256.

Cheru, Fantu 1996. Africa and the New World Order: Rethinking Development Planning in the Age of Globalization. In Adebayo Adedeji (ed.) South Africa & Africa. Within or Apart?: 44-72. Cape Town: Sadri Books.

Chidester, David 1999. Stories, Fragments and Monuments. In James Cochrane, John de Grunchy & Stephen Martin (eds.) Facing the Truth. South African faith communities and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. 132-141. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.

Cling, Jean-Pierre 2000. L'êconomie sud-africaine au sortir de /'apartheid Paris: Karthala.

Coletti, Elizabeth 2000. Reconciliation: South Africa's greatest export? Christian Science Monitor 92/191: 1-4.

Crawford, Neta C. 1995. South Africa's Foreign and Military Policy: Opportunities and Constraints. Africa Today 42/ 1-2: 88-121.

Crawford-Pinnerup, Anna 2000. An Assessment of the Impact of Urgent Interim Reparations. In Brandon Hamber & TIhoki Mofokeng (eds.) From Rhetoric to Responsibility. Making

Reparations to the Survivors of Past Political Violence in South Africa. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.

Cronin, Jeremy 2001. Sorry can help, but on its own is not enough. Weekly Mai/ & Guardian, January 12th 2001.

Crouzel, Ivan 1999a. Rêpandre I'Afrique du Sud en Afrique du Sud: la reorganisation institutionnelle des pouvoirs locaux comme enjeu de la normalisation de I'Etat sudafricain. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'aprês-Mande/a. Enjeuxsud-africaines et rêg/onaux. 279-296. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Crouzel, Ivan 1999b. La chefferie traditionalle face a la democratisation des pouvoirs locaux. Afrique Contemporaine, 4e trimestre: 30-39.

Daddieh, Cyril K. 1997. South Africa and Francophone African Relations. In Larry A. Swatuk & David R. Black (eds.) Bridging the Rift: The New South Africa in Africa: 183-198. Boulder: Westview Press.

Daniel, John 2002. Peace, Truth and Reconciliation in Recent Southern African Political Transitions: The Dynamics and Implications of Different National Approaches. Paper presented at the CAAS-conference: The Global and the Local: 29/5-1/6/2002. University of Toronto: Toronto, Ontario.

Darbon, Dominique 1999a. La fermeture du circuit identitaire en Afrique du Sud. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines er regionaux .41-64. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Darbon, Dominique 1999b. Une societe en travail: rêinventer le passe en Afrique du Sud. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'apres-Mande/a. Enjeux sud-africaines er regionaux 87-102. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Darbon, Dominique 1999c. La normalisation du regime sud-africain : les ressources de I'institutionnalisation. In Gerard Conac, Franroise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle Societe: 103-126. Paris: Economica.

Davenport, TRH 1998. The Transfer of Power in South Africa. Cape Town: David Philip.

Davies, Robert 1995. South African Foreign Policy Options in a Changing Global Context. University of Western Cape: Centre for Southern African Studies.

Davies, Robert 1996. South Africa's Economic Relations With Africa: Current Patterns and Future Perspectives. In Adebayo Adedeji (ed.) South Africa & Africa. Within or Apart?: 167-192. Cape Town: Sadri Books.

Davies, Robert 1997. Promoting Regional Integration in Southern Africa: an analysis of prospects and problems from a South African perspective. In Larry A. Swatuk & David R. Black (eds.) Bridging the Rift. The New South Africa in Africa: 109-126. Boulder: Westview Press.

Davison, Patricia 1998. Museums and the reshaping of memory. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 143-160. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Deacon, Harriet 1998. Remembering tragedy, constructing modernity: Robben Island as a national monument. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 161-179. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Deegan, Heather 2001. The Politics of the New South Africa. Apartheid and After. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.

Dolbeau, Jean-Michel 1999. Thabo Mbeki: I'homme de le 'renaissance africaine'. Afrique Contemporaine n° 192, 4e trimestre: 3-12.

Drennan, Gerard

1999. Psychiatry, Post-Apartheid Integration and the Neglected Role of Language in South African Institutional Contexts. Transcu/tura/ Psychiatry 36: 5-22.

Dreyfus, Francoise 1999. De la Constitution intermêdiaire a la nouvelle Constitution: la fin de regime de transition. In Gerard Conac, Francoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle Societe: 15-24. Paris: Economica.

Dupin B. 1999. Dans une arc-en-ciel de symboles: le spectre de la nouvelle nation sudafricaine. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines et regionaux 103-136. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Eades, Lindsay Michie 1999. The End of Apartheid in South Africa. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Edelstein, Jayni 1994. Rights, Reparations and Reconciliation: Some Comparative notes. Unpublished paper. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.

Ernst, Ulrike 2002. From Anti Apartheid to African Renaissance. interviews with South African Writers and Critics on Cultural Politics Beyond the Cultural Struggle. Munster: Lit Verlag.

Evans, Graham 1996. South Africa in Remission: the Foreign Policy of an Altered State. The Journal of Modern African Studies 3412: 249-269.

Fagan, Eduard 1998. The constitutional entrenchment of memory. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 249-262. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Fauvelle, Francois-Xavier & Xavier Renou 1999. L'islam contre le crime? Les ambiguitês dus vigilantisme islamiste en Afrique du Sud. Afrique Contemporaine n°192, 4e trimestre: 40-56.

February, Judith 2001. Entrenching equality by countering racism in SA. Unpublished paper. Cape Town: the Institute for Democracy in South Africa.

Fernandez, Lovell D 2001. The pathological malaise within the criminal justice system: why the courts are not seen to be delivering. In Jeremy Sarkin, Yves Haeck, Johan Vande Lanotte (eds.) Resolving the tension between crime and human rights: An evaluation of European and South African issues 17-24. Antwerpen: Maklu.

Ford, Christopher A. 1996. Challenges and Dilemmas of the Racial and Ethnic Identity in America and Post-Apartheid South African Affirmative Action. 43 University College of LA, Low Review 1953 1960-2028.

Fourie, J.A. 2000. The psychology of perpetrators of 'political' violence in South Africa - a personal experience. Ethnicity & Health >513: 283-291.

Friedman, Steven 1999. No easy stroll to dominance: party dominance, opposition and civil society in South Africa. In Hermann Giliomee & Charles Simkins (eds.) The awkward embrace: one party domination and democracy. 97-126. Amsterdam: Overseas Publishers Associations.

Friedman, Steven 2001. Too afraid to leave the laagers. Daily Mail & Guardian, January 5th, 2001.

Fritz G., J-C. Fritz & R. Porteilla

1999. Les autoritês traditionnelles en Afrique australe: dêmocratie, identitê et territoire. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines et regionaux 195-220. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Gelb Stephen 1994. South Africa's Post-Apartheid political economy. In Larry A. Swatuk & David R. Black (eds.) Bridging the Rift: The New South Africa in Africa: 41-70. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gibb, Richard 1998. Southern Africa in transition: prospects and problems facing regional integration. The Journal of Modern African Studies 36/2: 287-306.

Gibbons, Jacqueline A. 1998. Contemporary relations of the OAU and South Africa. Paper presented at the Tenth Annual Conference of the African Society of international and Comparative Law, 3-5 August 1998.

Gibson, James L. & Amanda Gouws 1998. Political Intolerance and Ethnicity. Investigating Social Identity. Indicator South Africa 15/3: 15-20.

Gibson, James L. & Helen MacDonald 2001. Truth - Yes, Reconciliation - Maybe: South Africans Judge the Truth and Reconciliation Process. Research paper for the Institute For Justice and Reconciliation, 9 9th June 2001.

Giliomee, Hermann & Charles Simkins 1999a. The Dominant Party Regimes of South Africa, Mexico, Taiwan and Malaysia: a comparative assessment. In Hermann Giliomee & Charles Simkins (eds.) The awkward embrace: one party domination and democracy. 1-46. Amsterdam: Overseas Publishers Associations.

Giliomee, Hermann & Charles Simkins 1999b. Conclusion. In Hermann Giliomee & Charles Simkins (eds.) The awkward embrace: one party domination and democracy. 337-354. Amsterdam: Overseas Publishers Associations.

Glaser, Daryl 2001. Politics and Society in South Africa, a critical introduction. London: Sage Publications.

Goniwe, Nyame 2000. Dealing with the Past: A Memorial for the Cradock Four. New South African Outlook Winter 2000, 2/3: 3-5.

Gonidec, Pierre-Francois 1997. Afrique du Sud: une nouvelle politique extêrieure? Afrique Contemporaine 4e trimestre 1997: 181-198.

Goodman, David 1999. Fault Lines: Journeys into the New South Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Goris, Gie 1999. Geen paradijservaring, Zuid-Africa's poging tot verzoening. Were/dwijd februari 1999: 42-43.

Gouws, Amanda 1999. The gender dimension of the 1999 elections. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 159-172. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Govender, Karthy 1998. The Equality Provision, Unfair Discrimination, and Affirmative Action. Department of Public Law Durban: University of Natal.

Grobbelaar, Janis 1998. Afrikaner Nationalism: the End of a Dream? Social Identities 4/3: 385-398.

Grunchy de, John, James Cochrane & Stephen Martin 1999a. Faith, Struggle and Reconciliation. In James Cochrane, John de Grunchy & Stephen Martin (eds.) Facing the Truth. South African faith communities and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: 1-17. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.

Grunchy de, John, James Cochrane & Stephen Martin 1999b. Wounded Healers. In James Cochrane, John de Grunchy & Stephen Martin (eds.) Facing the Truth. South African faith communities and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: 170-174. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.

Grundy, Kenneth 1999. Scholarship on the New South Africa: Nibbling around the edges. African Studies Review 42/3: 46-55.

Habib Adam, Devan Pillay & Ashwin Desai 1998. South Africa and the Global Order: The Structural Conditioning of a Transition to Democracy. Journal of Contemporary African Studies.

Hall, Martin 1998. Earth and stone: archaeology as memory. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past: The making of memory in South Africa: 180-200. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Hamber, Brandon 1997. 'Dr Jeckyll and Mr Hide': Problems of violence prevention and reconciliation in South Africa's transition to democracy. In E. Bornman, R. van Eeden & M. Wentzel (eds.) Violence in South Africa: a variety of perspectives 349-369. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council.

Hamber, Brandon 2000a. Repairing the irreparable: dealing with the double-binds of making reparations for crimes of the past. Ethnicity & Health 5/3: 215-231.

Hamber, Brandon 2000b. Reparations: A moral and political responsibility. Presentation to the 'Implementing the TRC's Recommendations Workshop', Parktonian Hotel, Braamfontein, Johannesburg, 16th February 2000.

Hamber, Brandon 2000c. Reparations, better late than never: the TRC's recommendations in perspective. Opening address at the TRC reparations and recommendations meeting, Johannesburg, Gauteng, 28th July 2000.

Hamber, Brandon 2000d. Dealing with the difficulties of granting reparations in South Africa. In Brandon Hamber & Tlhoki Mofokeng (eds.) From Rhetoric to Responsibility. Making Reparations to the Survivors of Past Political Violence in South Africa. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.

Hamber, Brandon & Kamilla Rasmussen 2000. Financing a Reparations Scheme for Victims of Political Violence. In Brandon Hamber & Tlhoki Mofokeng (eds.) From Rhetoric to Responsibility. Making Reparations to the Survivors of Past Political Violence in South Africa. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.

Harris, Verne 1998. 'They should have destroyed more': The Destruction of Public Records by the South African State in the Final Years of Apartheid, 1990-1994. TRC: Commissioning the Past, Online.

Hawker, Geoffrey 2000. Political leadership in the ANC: the South African provinces 1994-1999. The Journal of Modern African Studies 3814: 631-658.

Hayem, J 1999. "Etre un ouvrier, ga veut dire remettre debout Iêconomie de I'Afrique du Sud". In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines et rêgionaux. 159-172. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Heath, Willem 2000. Fighting Corruption. In Wilmot James & Linda Van de Vijver (eds.) After the TRC, Reflections on truth and reconciliation in South Africa: 163-170. Cape Town: David Philips Publishers.

Henrard, Kristen 2001. Post-apartheid South Africa: transformation and reconciliation. Unpublished paper.

Hilhorst, Pieter 1997. Echoes of Violence. In De Balie & the Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa Echoes of Violence. Niza Cahier no 1, April 1997 29-37. Amsterdam: Nila.

Hudson, Peter 2000. Liberalism, democracy and transformation in South Africa. Po/itikon 27/1: 93-102.

Hugon, Philippe 1997. L'Afrique du Sud et ('integration regionale a la lumiêre des theories du nouveau regionalisme. Afrique Contemporaine 4e trimestre 1997: 116-125.

Huyssteen van, Elsa 2000. The Constitutional Court and the Redistribution of Power in South Africa: Towards Transformative Constitutionalism. African Studies 59/2.

Inegbedion, John 1997. Problems and Prospects for Nigerian-South African Relations and their Implications for Africa's Economic Renaissance. In Larry A. Swatuk & David R. Black (eds.) Bridging the Rift.. The New South Africa in Africa: 199-220. Boulder: Westview Press.

Institute for Democracy in South Africa. 2000. Trends and comparisons in views of democracy. Rondebosch: Institute for Justice and Reconciliation.

Jacobs, Sean 1999a. The media and the elections. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 147-158. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Jacobs, Sean 1999b. An imperial presidency? The Institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 6.

Jacobs, Sean 2000a. The politics of traditional leadership. The institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 11.

Jacobs, Sean 2000b. Where is Thabo Mbeki taking South Africa? The Institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 9.

Jacobs, Sean 2000c. Race and Racism. The Institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 23.

Jacobs, Sean 2000d. Changes in the education system. The Institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 20.

Jacobs, Sean 2001. The state of (building) the nation. ? The institute for Democracy in South Africa Issue 32.

Jenkins, Catherine 2000. After the dry white season: the dilemmas of reparation and reconstruction in South Africa. South African Journal on Human Rights 16/3: 415-485.

Jooste, Chris 1998. A Volkstaat for Afrikaners. indicator >South Africa 15/3: 21-27.

Jubilee 2000 South Africa 2000. Reparations. A draft position paper. Cape Town: Alternative Information & Development Centre.

Kanya, Adam 1997. The Politics of Redress: South African Style Affirmative Action. The Journal of Modern African Studies 35/2: 231-249.

Keeton, Claire 2000. Reparations: human rights victims push for reparations. Sowetan August 1st, 2000.

Kekana, Noko Frans 1999. The church and the reconstruction of South Africa: an ecumenical missiology. Exchange 28/1 : 41-59.

Kessel Van, Ineke & Barbara Oomen 1997. 'One chief, one vote': the revival of traditional authorities in post-apartheid South Africa. African Affairs 96: 561-585.

1999. Symbols of Hope: Monuments as symbols of remembrance and peace in the process of reconciliation. Research paper written for the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, October 1999.

Kgalema, Lazarus & Paul Gready

2000. Transformation of the Magistracy: Balancing Independence and Accountability in the New Democratic Order. Research paper written for the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, June 2000.

Klaaren, Jonathan 1999. A Second Organisational Amnesty? Paper presented at the History Workshop/CSVR TRC Conference, 'TRC Commissioning the Past', Wits Law School, 14th June, 1999.

Klaaren, Jonathan & Varney, Howard 2000. A second bite at the amnesty cherry? Constitutional and policy around legislation for a second amnesty. South African Law Journal. 572-593.

Knight, John 1998. Labour market politics and outcomes in post-independence Zimbabwe: lessons for South Africa. In Lennard Petersson (ed.) Post Apartheid Southern Africa, Economic challenges for the future: 201-226. London: Routledge.

Kodjo, Edem 1999. L'Afrique du Sud et la cooperation interafricaine. In Gerard Conac, Frangoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle Societe: 181-188. Paris: Economica.

1998. Cracked heirlooms: memory on exhibition. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 57-74. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Krog, Antjie 1999. Een kruisie voor de toekomst. Knack, 2 juni 1999.

Kynoch, Gary 1996. The 'Transformation' of the South African Military. The Journal of Modern African Studies 3413: 441-457.

Langa, Pius 2001. A new constitution and a bill of rights. In Jeremy Sarkin, Yves Haeck, Johan Vande Lanotte (eds.) Resolving the tension between crime and human rights: An evaluation of European and South African issues. 17-24. Antwerpen: Maklu.

Lapsley, Michael 2000. Reparations. Sunday independent, June 19th 2000.

Laurence, Patrick 1999. After the TRC. Focus Fourteen, May 1999: 17-19.

Legassick, Martin 2002. Reflections on practising applied history in South Africa, 1994-2002: from skeletons to schools. Paper presented at the workshop 'History, Truth and Reconciliation: Memory matters in Africa'. Basel University, Switzerland, 14th October 2002. 2000. South Africa: Past, present and future. Gold at the end of the Rainbow? Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.

Lever, Jeffrey & James Wilmot 2000. The Second Republic. In Wilmot James & Linda Van de Vijver (eds.) After the TRC, Reflections on truth and reconciliation in South Africa: 199-203. Cape Town: David Philips Publishers.

Lodge, Tom 1998a. Political Corruption in South Africa. African Affairs 97: 157-187.

Lodge, Tom 1998b. Political Corruption in the new South Africa. Department of Political Studies, University of the Witwatersrand.

Lodge, Tom 1999. The African National Congress. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbekc 64-87. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Lory, Georges 1999. Education et culture dans la nouvelle Afrique du Sud. In Gerard Conac, Frangoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle >Societe: 127-158. Paris: Economica.

Lotter, Hennie 1997. Injustice, violence & peace: the case of South Africa. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Lundahl, Mats 1998. The post-apartheid economy and after? In Lennard Petersson (ed.) Post- Apartheid Southern Africa, Economic challenges for the future: 21-43. London: Routledge.

Maes, Marleen 2000. 'Affirmative action': efficient actiemiddel of tweesnijdend zwaard ? In Liesbet Walkiers (ed.) Noordzuid Cahier. De Rechtbank als Wapen 25/4 : 103-115.

Majiza, Charity 1999. Hearing the Truth. In James Cochrane, John de Crunchy & Stephen Martin (eds.) Facing the Truth. South African faith communities and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: 167-169. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.

Makoni, Sinfree 1998. African languages as European scripts: the shaping of communal memory. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 242-248. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Malherbe, Kitty 2001. Stretching solidarity too far: The impact of fraud and corruption on social security in South Africa. In Jeremy Sarkin, Yves Haeck, Johan Vande Lanotte (eds.) Resolving the tension between crime and human rights: An evaluation of European and South African issues 333-355. Antwerpen: Maklu.

Mallet, Victor 1999. Black hopes and white fears cast a shadow over the ANC's looming landslide. Financial Times, 6th May 1999 6.

Mare, Gerhard 1999. The Inkatha Freedom Party. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South

Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 101-113. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Marlin-Curiel, Stephanie 1999. Truth and Consequences: Art in Response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Conference paper Commissioning the Past, History Workshop, University of the Witwatersrand, I 1-14 June 1999.

Martin, C. 1999. De ('apartheid a la dêmocratie: quelle "reconciliation" en Afrique du Sud?. In Dominique Darbon (ed.) L'aprês-Mandela. Enjeux sud-africaines er regionaux..137-158. Paris: Editions Karthala.

Martin, Guy 1999. L'affirmative action dans la fonction publique sud-africaine. In Gerard Conac, Francoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouvel Etat, Nouvelle Sociêtê: 83-96. Paris: Economica.

Maseko, Sipho 1999. The PAC, Azapo and the UDM. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.) Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 125-132. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Masset, Christian 1999. Une politique êconomique au service du developpement. In Gerard Conac, Frangoise Dreyfus, Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle Sociêtê:159-180. Paris: Economica.

Mattes Robert & Hermann Thiel 1998. Consolidation and Public Opinion in South Africa. Journal of Democracy January 1998: 95-109.

Mattes Robert, Helen Taylor & Cherrel Africa 1999. Public opinion and voter preferences, 1994-1999. In Andrew Reynolds (ed.)

Election '99 South Africa. From Mande/a to Mbeki: 37-63. Claremont: David Philip Publishers Ltd.

Maziau, Nicolas 1999. La decentralization en Afrique du Sud. In Gerard Conac, Francoise Dreyfus,

Nicolas Maziau (eds.) La Republique d'afrique du Sud. Nouve/ Etat, Nouvelle Societe: 61-82. Paris: Economica.

McCandless, Erin 1997. Bridging Justice and Reconciliation in the New South Africa. Cantilevers Volume 3: 19-22.

McCarthy, Colin 1998. South African Trade and industrial policy in a regional context. In Lennard

Petersson (ed.) Post Apartheid Southern Africa, Economic challenges for the future: 64-88. London: Routledge.

McGreal, Chris 1999. The hate that won't go away. Guardian Unlimited Monday July 26th 1999.

McGreal, Chris 2000. Apartheid victims reject handouts. Apartheid victims push for adequate reparations after being offered a pittance. Daily Mail & Guardian, January 3rd 2000.

Miller, Andie 2001. Truth and reconciliation: 'Many layers, many seasons'. M/C: A Journal of Media and Culture, 4th January 2001.Minkley, Gary & Ciraj Rassool 1998. Orality, memory and social history in South Africa. In Sarah Nuttall & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past. The making of memory in South Africa: 89-99. Cape Town: Oxford University Press..

Moll, P. 2000. Discrimination is declining in South Africa, but inequality is not. Journal for studies in Economics and Econometrics 24/3: 91-108.

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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.