About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Footnote

1 The term civil service as used in this document refers to all those personnel in the employment of the central and provincial government administrations. The term public service is a more comprehensive one and includes personnel of the civil service, local authorities and other government institutions.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.