About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1989

August 14 : PW Botha resigns as President of South Africa. FW de Klerk takes his place.

ANC participates in a number of international conferences on future of the country: OAU, Commonwealth Heads of Government, UN General Assembly

Violence escalates while ANC and government representatives continue secret talks behind closed doors. Security Force involvement in perpetration of violence suspected.

ANC drafts Bill of Rights and Constitutional guidelines. Mandela moved to Pollsmoor.

October : first group of prisoners on Robben Island released.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.