About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1977

15000 attend burial of Steve Biko in King William's Town where Bishop Tutu conducts the Requiem Mass. The Minister of Justice states that the inquest into Biko's death will be the only judicial enquiry. An outcry both within and outside the country ensues.

Throughout the Eastern Cape and around East London shacks are burnt and fleeing squatters arrested. EC Administration Board Director Swanepoel says raids will continue until East London is 'entirely cleared out.'

Percy Qoboza, editor of The World is detained and both The World and Weekend World are banned. 18 organisations are declared unlawful, seven prominent anti-apartheid campaigners are banned and about 70 people are detained in pre-dawn raids.

Bophuthatswana declared 'independent' and Chief Lucas Mangope joins Matanzima as a Bantustan President.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.