About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1975

May 8 : Bram Fischer dies. He was released from prison a few days previously. The prison refuse to allow the family to have his ashes.

June 25 : Mozambique gains independence from Portugal after a long, bitter war and 500 years of Portuguese rule.

November 11 : Angolan independence from Portugal at the same time that South African army invade the country.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.