About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1969

April 25 : Landmark ANC Conference held in Morogoro Tanzania. ANC opened to non-African membership.

July : SASO (South African Students' Organisation) inaugurated at Turfloop University. Steve Biko elected president.

Anti-apartheid demonstrations across UK rock rugby tour of Springboks

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.