About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1962

Mandela leaves S.A. secretly to attend Pan African Freedom Movement meeting in Addis Ababa. He receives military training and returns to clandestine work in South Africa.

Congress of Democrats banned under Suppression of Communism Act.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.