About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1930/1931

The ANC works closely with the CPSA against Minister of Justice Pirow (a self-proclaimed Nazi) who wants to amend the Riotous Assemblies Act to give him the power to banish militants without trial.

The ANC and CPSA also prepare for a conference to fight the Hertzog Bills which sought to remove Africans from the Cape voter's roll. At the same time they begin to organise a mass anti-pass campaign

In Durban the young communist Johannes Nkosi leads a successful pass burning. He is brutally killed by the police there.

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.