About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Select Bibliography

This bibliography includes all books, articles and primary material referred to in the text and footnotes of this thesis, as well as a number of additional works that were significant in informing its content. The bibliography is divided into two sections.

The first section comprises original or primary material. This material is contained in seven volumes held by Rhodes House Library, University of Oxford, and to which access can be gained on application to the Librarian. Four of these volumes, numbered 1 to 4, contain interviews conducted by me. These interviews are listed below. As the Note on Sources and Footnoting to this thesis indicates, the prefix IV/ in a footnote indicates a reference to these interviews. The other three volumes contain additional papers and publications cited in this thesis that are rare or have hitherto been confidential. These volumes are marked A, B and C, and their contents are also listed below. The prefix App/ in a footnote indicates a reference to one of these additional papers and publications.

The second section of this Bibliography comprises a selection of other publications referred to in the preparation of this dissertation: books and long documents; articles; newspapers and magazines; journals; regular publications by organisations; and theses.

Section One

INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED BY AUTHOR [IV/]

Interviews: Volume 1

Interviewee     Page Number

Anderson, Bill     1.

Bunting, Brian     57.

Cronin, Jeremy [First Interview]     99.

Cronin, Jeremy [Second Interview]     122.

Cronin, Gemma     146.

Evans, Gavin     151.

Goldberg, Dennis     183.

Jele, Joe     [Notes]     229.

Jordan, Pallo [First Interview]     232.

Jordan, Pallo [Second Interview: Notes]     241.

Kasrils, Ronnie [First Interview]     242.

Kasrils, Ronnie [Second Interview]     279.

Kasrils, Ronnie [Third Interview]     295.

Kasrils, Ronnie [Four Brief Interviews: Notes]     327.

Interviews: Volume 2

Kodesh, Wolfie     335.

Maharaj, Mac [First Interview]     368.

Maharaj, Mac [Second Interview]     385.

Maharaj, Mac [Third Interview]     440.

Maharaj, Mac [Fourth Interview]     509.

Martins, Dikobe     536.

Matshakiza, Sizwe     554.

Mayibuye, Peter [Joel Netshitenze]     584.

Molefe, Popo     620.

Momoniat, Ismail     630.

Narsoo, Monty     657.

Interviews: Volume 3

Nkondo, Curtis     683.

Omar, Yacoob Abba     716.

Pillay, Ivan     748.

Rabkin, Sue [First Interview]     808.

Rabkin, Sue [Second Interview]     874.

Rabkin, Sue [Third Interview]     997.

Saloojee, Calvin     922.

Saloojee, Cassim     940.

Slovo, Joe [First Interview]     959.

Slovo, Joe [Second Interview]     1,001.

Stadler, General Herman     1,035.

Interviews: Volume 4

Stephen, Michael     1,064.

Strachan, Garth [First Interview]     1,116.

Strachan, Garth [Second Interview]     1,184.

Suttner, Raymond     1,213.

Tambo, Oliver [First Interview]     1,233.

Tambo, Oliver [Second Interview]     1,243.

Tsiki, Naledi [First Interview]     1,254.

Tsiki, Naledi [Second Interview]     1,279.

Turok, Ben     1,294.

Watts, Graham     1,335.

Zuma, Jacob     1,351.

ADDITIONAL PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS [App/]

Document     Document Number

Documents: Volume A:

Dawn Souvenir Issue n.d. [circa December 1986].     A1.

Slovo, J., The Theories of Regis Debray,

an African Communist pamphlet

(London: SACP, n.d. [circa 1968-1969].     A2.

Kasrils, R., Unpublished autobiographical manuscript.

Extracts.     A3.

Interview with N. Zuma, conducted by Julie Frederickse.

Extracts.     A4.

Interview with John Nkadimeng, conducted by Julie

Frederickse. Extracts.     A5.

Interview with Diliza Mji, conducted by Julie

Frederickse. Extracts.     A6.

Interview with Esther Maleka, conducted by Julie

Frederickse. Extracts.     A7.

Interview with Jacob Zuma, conducted by Julie

Frederickse, Extracts.     A8.

Mokoape, K., et al, 'Towards Armed Struggle',

paper presented at a symposium on

The Legacy of Bantu Stephen Biko, Harare,

June 17-22, 1990, unpublished.     A9.

Tambo, O.R., 'Statement by the African National

Congress of South Africa on the Invasion of Angola by South African Troops', 31/10/75.     A10.

Howard, J., Judgment, State versus Themba Harry Gwala and Nine Others, Case No. CC 108/76, in the

Supreme Court of South Africa, Natal Provincial

Division, 14-15/7/77. Extracts.     A11.

African National Congress (African Nationalist),

'How the South African Community (sic) [Communist] Party

Attempts to Use Non-African Minorities to Confuse

Fundamental Questions of Our Struggle',

in The African Nationalist, Vol.1, No.2, 1976.     A12.

Nzo, A., 'Statement by African National Congress

(S.A.) on the Expulsion of a Conspiratorial

Clique, 11/12/75'.     A13.

Sexwale, M., Legal Deposition Made to South African

Police, December 1976.     A14.

Stadler, Gen. H., South African Police,

Documentary Evidence to the Commission of Inquiry into Certain Murders and Other Unlawful Acts Committed for Political or Constitutional Aims (Harms Commission),

No.14, 'Statistics: 1. Acts of Terrorism 2.

Unrest Incidents'.     A15.

Stadler, Gen. H., 'Acts of Terrorism since 1976'.     A16

Stadler, Gen. H., 'Terrorism in the RSA.

Target Selection. Period:

1 January 1976 - 30 September 1990'.      A17.1.

Stadler, Gen. H., 'Statistics: Terrorism in the RSA.     

Period: 1 January 1976 - 30 September 1990

[Monthly Breakdown]'.     A17.2

Booyse, W., 'Monthly Breakdown of Terror in SA

1976 - 1989'.     A18.

Lodge, T., Fax/Letter to Howard Barrell explaining Insurgent Attack

Statistics for 1978.     A19.

ANC (SA) Delegation to the 1st OAU Economic Summit,

'Summary of the political and military activities of the African National Congress of South Africa from March 19th 1976, to April 4th, 1980'.     A20.

[Kasrils, R., Anderson, W. & Others], 'MCW

[Military and Combat Work]', pamphlet,

n.d. [circa 1988-89].     A21.

National Executive Committee, 'Memorandum of the

National Executive Committee of the African

National Congress to the Government of Swaziland on the Agreement between Swaziland and the

Pretoria Regime on Kangwane and Ingwavuma', 15/7/92. A22.

Abridged interview with "Khotso Sechaba" [Member of ANC security directorate in Zimbabwe], conducted by Howard Barrell, Harare, 1987. Extracts.     A23.

ANC, 'Don't Vote! Campaign for a total boycott of the August elections', leaflet, n.d. [circa 1984].     A25.

[ANC], 'Fraternal Message from the African National

Congress to the Frelimo Party', n.d. [circa 1984] A26.

Nzo, A., 'Statement of the African National

Congress, 16/3/84'.     A27.

[Front Line State Heads of State], 'Front Line

States Summit Meeting. Arusha, Tanzania.

April 29, 1984. Final Communique'.     A28.

[Comrade Mugabe - ANC guerilla commander], 'Diary of a Guerrilla'. Extracts.     A29.

Department of Information and Publicity of the ANC,

'Statement of the African National Congress of South

Africa on the Farcical Socalled New Constitution',

telex copy, n.d. [circa September 1984].     A30.

National Executive Committee of the ANC, 'ANC Call to the Nation. The Future is Within Our Grasp!',

leaflet, 25/4/85.     A31.

Documents: Volume B

ANC, 'African National Congress National Consultative

Conference, June 1985. Report, Main Decisions and

Recommendations of the Second National Consultative

Conference, n.d. [circa July 1985].     B2.

ANC, 'African National Conference National

Consultative Conference, June 1985. Commission on Cadre Policy, Political and Ideological Work;

Internal Commission Report; Commission on Strategy and Tactics,' n.d. [circa July 1985].     B3.

ANC, 'African National Conference National

Consultative Conference, June 1985. Report of

Commission on National Structures, Constitutional

Guidelines and Codes of Conduct,' n.d.

[circa July 1985]     B4.

ANC, 'Documents of the Second National Consultative

Conference of the African National Congress,

Zambia, 16 - 23 June, 1985'.     B5.

Tambo, O.R., 'Address to the Nation, Radio Freedom,

22 July 1985'.     B6.

[ANC], 'Take the Struggle into the White Areas. Make the whole of South Africa Ungovernable! Paralyse

Apartheid', leaflet, n.d. [circa September 1985].     B7.

Nzo, A., 'African National Congress Press

Statement, 30/7/85'.      B8.

Turok, B., Strategic Problems in South

Africa's Liberation Struggle:

A Critical Analysis. (n.p., n.d.)     B9.

ANC & Inyandza National Movement, 'Joint Communique of the African National Congress and the Inyandza

National Movement following their meeting in

Lusaka from 1-3 March 1986'.     B11.1

Cosatu, Sactu & ANC, 'Communique of the Meeting

Between the Congress of South African Trade Unions,

the South African Congress of Trade Unions and the

African National Congress [5-6/3/86]'.     B11.2

ANC & Nusas, 'Joint Communique of the Meeting of the

African National Congress and the National Union of

South African Students [30/3/86 - 1/4/86]'.     B11.3

SACBC & ANC, 'Joint Communique of the Meeting of the Southern African Catholic Bishops

Conference and the African National

Congress: Lusaka, April 16, 1986'.     B11.4     

ANC, 'ANC Call to the People. From Ungovernability to People's Power', leaflet, n.d. [circa May 1986].      B12.

[ANC], 'The Situation in South Africa', presentation to the meeting of heads of state and government of the Non-Aligned Movement, Harare, July-August 1986.      B13.

Skweyiya, T.L., Mabandla, B. & Marcus, G.J., 'Report of the Commission of Enquiry into Complaints by Former

African National Congress Prisoners and Detainees,

August 1992'.     B14.

Jenny Cargill, 'Can Revolutions Materialise. A South

African Experience', paper delivered to seminar on

South Africa in Transition, Arnold Bergstrasse

Institute, Frankfurt, 14/8/92, unpublished.     B15.

ANC, 'Statement of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the Question of

Negotiations, October 9th 1987'.     B16.

[Kasrils, R & Others], Guidelines on Underground Construction', n.d. [circa 1988-1989].     B17.

Braam, C., Operation Vula, First draft English translation, tr. Richard Blake, unpublished manuscript.      B18.     

Dabengwa, D., 'Zipra and Zipa in the Zimbabwe War of National Liberation', paper presented to the

Conference on the Guerilla War in Zimbabwe, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, July 1991, unpublished,

(forthcoming in Bebe, N. and Ranger, T. (Eds.),

Zimbabwe's Liberation War: Soldiers)     B19.

Maphumulo, S., Unpublished Autobiographical

Manuscript, extracts.     B20.

Section Two

BOOKS and LONG DOCUMENTS

Adam, H., and Moodley, K., South Africa Without Apartheid. Dismantling Racial Domination (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1986).

Adam, H., and Giliomee, H., The Rise and Crisis of Afrikaner Power (Cape Town: David Phillip, 1979).

ANC, ANC Speaks. Documents and Statements of the African National Congress (n.p. [London]: African National Congress, n.d. [circa 1978]).

ANC, Unity in Action. A History of the African National Congress 1912-1982 (London: African National Congress, n.d. [circa 1982]).

Anderson, B., Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso, 1983).

Arnold, M. (Ed.), The Testimony of Steve Biko (London: Grafton, 1987).

Barber, J., and Barratt, J., South Africa's Foreign Policy. The search for status and security 1945-1988 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Barrell, H., MK. The ANC's Armed Struggle (Johannesburg: Penguin, 1990).

Baskin, J., Striking Back. A History of Cosatu (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1991)

Benson, M., A Far Cry. The Making of a South African. An Autobiography (London: Viking, 1989).

Benson, M., Nelson Mandela (London: Penguin, 1986).

Benson, M., South Africa. The Struggle for a Birthright (London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1985).

Berlin, I., Four Essays on Liberty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Bernstein, H., The World That Was Ours (London: SAWriters, 1989).

Black, G., Triumph of the People. The Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua (London: Zed Press, 1985).

Brittain, V., and Minty, A. (Eds.), Children of Resistance. Statements from the Harare Conference on Children, Repression and the Law in Apartheid South Africa (London: Kliptown Books, 1988).

Brooks, A., and Brickhill, J., Whirlwind Before the Storm (London: International Defence and Aid Fund, 1980).

Bunting, B., Moses Kotane. South African Revolutionary (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1975).

Burchett, W., Memoirs of a Rebel Journalist (London: Quartet, 1980).

Callinicos, A., South Africa. Between Reform and Revolution (London, Chicago and Melbourne: Bookmarks, 1988).

Cawthra, G., Brutal Force. The Apartheid War Machine (London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1986).

Centre for Policy Studies (University of Witwatersrand), Negotiations Package (n.p. [Johannesburg]: Centre for Policy Studies [University of Witwatersrand], n.d. [circa 1990]).

Cilliers, J., Counter-Insurgency In Rhodesia (London: Croom Helm, 1985).

Clausewitz, C. von, On War (London: Penguin, 1988).

Cobbett, W., and Cohen, R. (Eds.), Popular Struggles in South Africa (London: Review of African Political Economy in association with James Currey, 1988).

Cock, J., and Nathan, L. (Eds.), War and Society. The Militarisation of South Africa (Johannesburg: David Philip, 1989).

Cohen, R., Endgame in South Africa? (London and Paris: James Currey and Unesco Press, 1986).

Cole, J., Crossroads. The Politics of Reform and Repression 1976-1986 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mission to South Africa. The Commonwealth Report (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986).

Conway, D., Farewell to Marx (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), Race Relations Survey 1984 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1985).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), Race Relations Survey 1985 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1986).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), Race Relations Survey 1986. Part 1 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1987).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), Race Relations Survey 1986. Part 2 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1988).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1983 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1984).

Cooper, C., et al (cmplrs.), Race Relations Survey 1987/88 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1988).

Christie, I., Machel of Mozambique (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1988).

Davidson, B., In the Eye of the Storm. Angola's People (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974).

Davidson, B., Slovo, J. & Wilkinson A.R., Southern Africa: The New Politics of Revolution (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976).

Davies, R., et al, The Struggle for South Africa. A reference guide to movements, organisations and institutions, 2 vols. (London and New Jersey: Zed Books, 1988).

Davis, S., Apartheid's Rebels. Inside South Africa's Hidden War (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1987).

Debray, R., Revolution in the Revolution? Armed Struggle and Political Struggle in Latin America (New York: Grove Press, 1967).

Department of Development Planning [South African Government], Reform and the Future (n.p. [Pretoria]: Department of Development Planning, South African Government, 1985).

Dialego [alias for Hoffman, J.], Philosophy and Class Struggle (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1987).

Dingake, M., My Fight Against Apartheid (London: Kliptown Books, 1987).

Eagleton, T., Ideology. An Introduction (London: Verso, 1991).

Ellis, S., and Sechaba, T., Comrades against Apartheid. The ANC & the South African Communist Party in Exile (London and Bloomington & Indianapolis: James Currey & Indiana University Press, 1992).

Feit, E., South Africa. The Dynamics of the African National Congress (London, New York, Ibadan: Oxford University Press, 1962).

Feit, E., Urban Revolt in South Africa 1960-1964. A Case Study (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1971).

Feit, E., Workers Without Weapons (Hamden: Archon Books, 1975).

Fine, R., with Davis, D., Beyond Apartheid. Labour and Liberation in South Africa (London: Pluto Press, 1990).

First, R., 117 Days (London: Bloomsbury, 1988).

Foster, D., et al, Detention & Torture in South Africa. Psychological, legal and historical studies (London: James Currey, 1987).

Frankel, P., et al (Eds.), State, Resistance and Change in South Africa (Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1988).

Frederickse, J., South Africa. A Different Kind of War (Gweru: Mambo Press, 1986).

Frederickse, J., The Unbreakable Thread. Non-Racialism in South Africa (Johannesburg and Harare: Ravan Press and Anvil Press, 1990).

Friedman, S., Building Tomorrow Today. African Workers in Trade Unions, 1970-1984 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Gastrow, S., Who's Who In South African Politics (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1985)

Gastrow, S., Who's Who in South African Politics Number 2 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Gastrow, S., Who's Who in South African Politics Number 3 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1990).

Geldenhuys, D., The Diplomacy of Isolation. South African Foreign Policy Making (Johannesburg: Macmillan, 1984).

Giap, Vo Nguyen., Banner of People's War, The Party's Military Line (London: Pall Mall Press, 1970).

Giap, Vo Nguyen., People's War People's Army (Hanoi: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1961).

Gibson, R., African Liberation Movements. Contemporary struggles against white minority rule (London: Oxford University Press, 1972).

Golub, P., The Bolsheviks and the Armed Forces in Three Revolutions. Problems and Experience of Military Work (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1979).

Gordon, L., et al (cmplrs.), A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1977 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1978).

Gordon, L., et al (cmplrs.), Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1978 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1979).

Gordon, L., et al (cmplrs.), Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1980 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1981).

Green, T., Comparative Revolutionary Movements. Search for Theory and Justice (London: Prentice Hall, 1990).

Grundy, K., Guerilla Struggle in Africa. An Analysis and Preview (New York: Grossman, 1971).

Grundy, K., The Militarisation of South African Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Guevara, Che, Guerilla Warfare (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969).

Guevara, Che, Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969).

Hanlon, J., Apartheid's Second Front. South Africa's War against Its Neighbours (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986).

Hanlon, J., Beggar Your Neighbours. Apartheid Power in Southern Africa (London and Bloomington: Catholic Institute for International Relations in collaboration with James Currey and Indiana University Press, 1986).

Harris, R., and Vilas, C M., Nicaragua. A Revolution Under Seige (London: Zed Books, 1986).

Haysom, N., Mabangalala. The Rise of Rightwing Vigilantes in South Africa. Occasional Paper 10 (Johannesburg: Centre for Applied Legal Studies, 1986).

Hindson, D., Pass Controls and the Urban African Proletariat (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Hirson, B., Year of Fire, Year of Ash; The Soweto Revolt: Roots of a Revolution? (London: Zed Books, 1979).

Horne, A., A Savage War of Peace. Algeria 1954-1962 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985).

Horrell, M., Action, Reaction and Counter-Action. A brief review of non-white political movements in South Africa (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1971).

Horrell, M., et al (cmplrs.), A Survey of Race Relations 1974 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1975).

Horrell, M., et al (cmplrs.), A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1975 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1976).

Horrell, M., et al (cmplrs.), A Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1976 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1977).

Howard, M., Clausewitz (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).

International Defence & Aid Fund Research Department, Prisoners of Apartheid. A biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (London and New York: International Defence and Aid Fund, 1978).

Isaacman, A., and Isaacman, B., Mozambique. From Colonialism to Revolution (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1985).

Johnson, R., How Long Will South Africa Survive? (Johannesburg: Macmillan, 1977).

Johnson, S. (Ed.), South Africa. No Turning Back (London: Macmillan, 1988).

Kane-Berman, J., Soweto: Black Revolt, White Reaction (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1978).

Karis, T., Carter, G. & Gerhart, G., From Protest to Challenge. A Documentary History of African Politics In South Africa 1882-1964, 4 vols. (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1972, 1973, 1977).

Kgosana, P. Ata, Lest We Forget (Johannesburg: Skotaville, 1988).

Kitson, N., Where Sixpence Lives (London: Hogarth Press, 1986).

Klare, M., and Kornbluh, P. (Eds.), Low Intensity Warfare. Counterinsurgency, Proinsurgency, and Antiterrorism in the Eighties (New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.

Lan, D., Guns & Rain. Guerillas & Spirit Mediums in Zimbabwe (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1985).

Laurence, P., Death Squads. Apartheid's Secret Weapon (Johannesburg: Penguin, 1990).

Le Duan, The Vietnamese Revolution. Fundamental Problems Essential Tasks (Hanoi: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1970).

Legum, C., The Battlefronts of Southern Africa (New York and London: Africana Publishing Company, 1988).

Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, 3 vols. (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lerumo, A. [alias for Harmel, M.], Fifty Fighting Years. The South African Communist Party 1921-1971 (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1980).

Lipton, M., Capitalism and Apartheid. South Africa 1910-1986 (Aldershot: Wildwood House, 1986).

Lodge, T., Black Politics in South Africa since 1945 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1983).

Lodge, T. (Ed.), Resistance and Ideology in Settler Societies (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1986).

Luthuli, A., Let My People Go (Glasgow: William Collins, 1987).

Mandela, N., The Struggle is My Life (London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1986).

Mandela, W., with Benjamin A. (Ed.), and Benson, M. (Adptr.), Part of My Soul (London: Penguin, 1985).

Mangena, M., On Your Own. Evolution of Black Consciousness in South Africa/Azania (Johannesburg: Skotaville, 1989).

Mao Tse-Tung [Mao Dzedong], Selected Military Writings of Mao Tse-Tung (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967).

Mao Tse-Tung [Mao Dzedong], Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung, 4 vols. (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1975, 1977).

Marcus, T., Modernising Super-Exploitation. Restructuring South African Agriculture (London: Zed Books, 1989).

Mare, G., and Hamilton, G., An Appetite for Power. Buthelezi's Inkatha and South Africa (Johannesburg and Bloomington: Ravan Press and Indiana University Press, 1987).

Maree, J. (Ed.), The Independent Trade Unions 1974-1984. Ten Years of the South African Labour Bulletin (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Marx, A., Lessons of Struggle. South African Internal Opposition, 1960-1990 (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Marx, K., Capital Vol.1 (London: Penguin, 1988).

Marx, K., The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1983).

Mbeki, G., Learning from Robben Island. The Prison Writings of Govan Mbeki (London, Athens [Ohio] and Cape Town: James Currey, Ohio University Press and David Phillip in association with the UWC Historical & Cultural Centre Project, 1991).

Mbeki, G., South Africa. The Peasants' Revolt (London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1984).

Meer, F., Higher than Hope. A Biography of Nelson Mandela (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1990).

Meer, F., The Trial of Andrew Zondo. A Sociological Insight (Johannesburg: Skotaville, 1987).

Meli, F., South Africa Belongs to Us. A History of the ANC (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1988).

Miliband, R., and Saville, J. (Eds.), The Socialist Register 1970 (London: The Merlin Press, 1970).

Miliband, R., and Saville, J. (Eds.), The Socialist Register 1971 (London: The Merlin Press, 1971).

Miliband, R., and Saville, J. (Eds.), The Socialist Register 1973 (London: The Merlin Press, 1974).

Miksche, F., Secret Forces. The Technique of Underground Movements (London: Faber and Faber, 1950).

Moss, G., The Wheels Turn. South African Political Trials: 1976-1979 (Geneva: International University Exchange Fund, n.d [circa 1980].

Moss, G., and Obery, I. (Eds.), South African Review 4 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Moss, G., and Obery, I. (Eds.), South Africa Contemporary Analysis. South African Review 5 (London, Munich and New York: Hans Zell Publishers, 1990).

Motlhabi, M., Challenge to Apartheid. Toward a Moral National Resistance (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1988).

Mtolo, B., Umkhonto we Sizwe. The Road to the Left (Durban: Drakensberg Press Limited, 1966).

Mugabe, R., Our War of Liberation. Speeches, Articles, Interviews 1976-1979 (Gweru: Mambo Press, 1983).

Mufson, S., Fighting Years. Black Resistance and the Struggle for a New South Africa (Boston: Beacon Press, 1990).

Murphy, J., Postmodern Social Analysis and Criticism (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1989).

Murray, M., South Africa. Time of Agony, Time of Destiny (London: Verso, 1987).

Mzala, Latest Opportunism and the Theory of the South African Revolution (n.p. [London]: no publisher [South African Communist Party/ANC], n.d. [circa 1985]).

Nattrass, J., The South African Economy. Its Growth and Change (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Nattrass, N., and Ardington, E. (Eds.), The Political Economy of South Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Neuberg, A., Armed Insurrection (London: New Left Books, 1970).

Nolutshungu, S., Changing South Africa (Cape Town: David Phillip, 1983).

O'Neill, B., Insurgency & Terrorism. Inside Modern Revolutionary Warfare (McLean, Virginia: 1990).

Orkin, M., Disinvestment, the Struggle and the Future. What Black South Africans Really Think (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Orkin, M. (Ed.), Sanctions Against Apartheid (Cape Town and London: David Phillip and Catholic Institute for International Relations, 1989).

Paret, P., French Revolutionary Warfare from Indochina to Algeria. The Analysis of a Political and Military Doctrine (London and Dunmow: Pall Mall Press, 1964).

Paret, P. (Ed.), Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Platzky, L., and Walker, C., The Surplus People. Forced Removals in South Africa (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1985).

Popper, K., The Open Society and Its Enemies, 2 vols. (London: Routledge, 1986).

Popper, K., The Poverty of Historicism (London: Routledge, 1991).

Randall, P., et al (cmplrs), Survey of Race Relations in South Africa 1982 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1983).

Ranger, T., Peasant Consciousness and Guerrilla War in Zimbabwe (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1985).

Rice, E., Wars of the Third Kind. Conflict in Underdeveloped Countries (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).

Rostron, B., Till Babylon Falls (London: Coronet, 1991).

Roux, E., Time Longer Than Rope. A History of the Black Man's Struggle for Freedom in South Africa (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1972).

Rubenstein, R., Alchemists of Revolution. Terrorism in the Modern World. The terrorist mentality, its origins and consequences (London: I B Tauris, 1987).

Rudebeck, L., Guinea-Bissau. A Study of Political Mobilisation (Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 1974).

Sampson, A., Black and Gold: Tycoons, Revolutionaries and Apartheid (London: Coronet Books, 1987).

Shapiro, M. (Ed.), Language and Politics (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1984).

Shaoqi, Liu., Three Essays on Party-Building (Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1980).

Simons, J., and R., Class & Colour in South Africa 1850-1950 (London: International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1983).

Skocpol, T., States and Social Revolutions. A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Smuts, D., and Westcott, S., The Purple Shall Govern. A South African A to Z of Nonviolent Action (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1991).

Soggot, D., Namibia. The Violent Heritage (London: Rex Collings, 1986).

SACP, South African Communists Speak. Documents from the History of the South African Communist Party 1915-1980 (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1981).

SACP, The Path to Power. Programme of the South African Communist Party (n.p. [London]: South African Communist Party, n.d. [circa 1989]).

Seekings, J., Heroes or Villains? Youth politics in the 1980s (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1993).

Southern African Research Service (Ed. & cmplrs.), South African Review II (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1984).

Sparks, A., The Mind of South Africa. The Story of the Rise and Fall of Apartheid (London: Heinemann, 1990).

State versus Baleka and Others. Supreme Court of South Africa. Transvaal Provincial Division. Record, in Department of Historical Papers, Cullen Library, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, at AK2117.

Strachan, B., 'Never on our Knees': Youth in Apartheid South Africa (London: United Nations Association Youth, 1985).

Streek, B., and Wicksteed, R., Render Unto Kaiser. A Transkei Dossier (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1981).

Sullivan, D., and Sattler, M. (Eds.), Revolutionary War: Western Response (New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1971).

Suttner, R., and Cronin, J., 30 Years of the Freedom Charter (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1986).

Taber, R., The War of the Flea. A Study of Guerilla Warfare. Theory and Practice (London: Paladin, 1970)

Tambo, A. (cmplr.), Preparing for Power. Oliver Tambo Speaks (London: Heinemann, 1987).

Taruc, L., Born of the People. An Autobiography (New York: International Publishers, 1953).

Tomlinson, R. and Addleson, M. (Eds.), Regional Restructuring under Apartheid. Urban and Regional Policies in Contemporary South Africa (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, Congress 1983. Speeches and Papers delivered at the Congress, 22-23 January 1983, Selborne Hall, Johannesburg (n.p. [Johannesburg]: Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, n.d. [circa 1983]).

Turok, B. (Ed.), Revolutionary Thought in the 20th Century (London: Zed Press, 1980).

Van Diepen, M. (Ed.), The National Question in South Africa (London and New Jersey: Zed Books, 1988).

Venter, A. (Ed.), Challenge. Southern Africa within the African Revolutionary Context (Gibraltar: Ashanti, 1989).

Vitiuk, V., Leftist Terrorism (n.p. [Moscow]: Progress Publishers, n.d.).

Walshe, P., The Rise of African Nationalism in South Africa. the African National Congress 1912-1952 (London: C. Hurst & Company, 1970).

Werskey, G., War in Our Own Day... (Milton Keynes: Open University Press,, 1973)

Woddis, J. (Ed.), Ho Chi Minh. Selected Articles & Speeches 1920-1967 (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1969).

Wolpe, H., Race, Class & the Apartheid State (London, Addis Ababa and Paris: James Currey, OAU Inter-African Cultural Fund and Unesco Press, 1988).

ARTICLES and REPORTS

(A reference to the volumes of Additional Papers and Publications held in Rhodes House Library is provided [thus: App/] in each case in which a rare or hitherto confidential article or document is listed below)

Amnesty International, South Africa: Torture, ill-treatment and executions in African National Congress camps, London, December 1992.

[ANC], 'Forward to Freedom', in ANC, ANC Speaks. Documents and Statements of the African National Congress (n.p. [London]: African National Congress, n.d. [circa 1978]).

[ANC], 'Victory or Death. Statement on occasion of the 25th anniversary of MK', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

ANC [NEC], 'Declaration of the African National Congress (SA) Executive Committee - Morogoro, 17-20 March 1975', in ANC, ANC Speaks. Documents and Statements of the African National Congress (n.p. [London]: African National Congress, n.d. [circa 1978]).

ANC NEC, 'Attack! Advance! Give the Enemy No Quarter! January 8th Message of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress, delivered by President O R Tambo', in Sechaba, March 1986.

ANC NEC, 'Political Report of the National Executive Committee to the National Consultative Conference, June 1985', in ANC, Documents of the Second National Consultative Conference of the African National Congress, Zambia, 16 - 23 June, 1985, in App/B/5.

ANC NEC, 'Statement of Second Session of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress in 1973', in ANC, ANC Speaks. Documents and Statements of the African National Congress (n.p. [London]: African National Congress, n.d. [circa 1978]).

Barrell, H., 'The United Democratic Front and National Forum: Their Emergence, Composition and Trends', in Southern African Research Service (Ed. & Cmplrs.), South African Review II (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1984).

Barrell, H., 'The Outlawed Liberation Movements', in Johnson, S., (Ed.), South Africa. No Turning Back (London: Macmillan in association with the David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies, 1988).

Boesak, A., 'Speech delivered by Dr Allen Boesak, President of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, at the 1st Congress of the Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, 22nd January 1983', in Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, Congress 1983. Speeches and Papers delivered at the Congress, 22-23 January 1983, Selborne Hall, Johannesburg (n.p. [Johannesburg]: Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, n.d. [circa 1983]).

Bundy, C., 'Around Which Corner?: Revolutionary theory and contemporary South Africa', in Transformation 8, 1989.

Chaskalson, M., Jochelson, K. and Seeking, J., 'Rent Boycotts and the Urban Political Economy', in Moss, G. and Obery, I. (Eds.), South African Review 4 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Everatt, D., 'Alliance Politics of a Special Type: The Roots of the ANC/SACP Alliance, 1950-1954', in Journal of Southern African Studies, 18 (1), March 1992.

Fatton, R., 'The African National Congress in South Africa: The Limitations of a Revolutionary Strategy', in Canadian Journal of African Studies, 18, 1984.

Hani, C., 'The Wankie Campaign', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Harmel, M., 'Revolutions are not Abnormal', in Africa South 3 (2), 1959.

[Ho Chi Minh], 'The Party's Military Work among the Peasants', in Neuberg, A., Armed Insurrection (London: New Left Books, 1970).

Hofmeyr, J., 'Black Wages: the postwar experience', in Nattrass, N. & Ardington, E. (Eds.), The Political Economy of South Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Hudson, P., 'Images of the Future and Strategies in the Present: The Freedom Charter and the South African Left', in Frankel, P. et al, State, Resistance and Change in South Africa (Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1988).

Johns, S., 'Obstacles to Guerilla Warfare: A South African Case Study, in Journal of Modern African Studies, 1973 (2).

Ronnie Kasrils, 'People's War, Revolution & Insurrection', in Sechaba, May 1986.

Kasrils, R., 'The Adventurer Episode', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Ketelo, B. et al, 'A Miscarriage of Democracy: The ANC Security Department in the 1984 Mutiny in Umkhonto we Sizwe', in Searchlight South Africa, 5, July 1990.

Labour Monitoring Group, 'The November 1984 Stayaway', in Maree, J. (Ed.), The Independent Trade Unions 1974-1984. Ten Years of the South African Labour Bulletin (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Lenin, V.I., 'Greetings to the Hungarian Workers', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.3 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I. 'Marxism and Insurrection', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.2 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I., 'Report of the Central Committee of the RCP(B)', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.3 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I., 'The Collapse of the Second International', in Lenin, V.I., Collected Works, Vol.21 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1960).

Lenin, V.I., 'The Military Programme of the Proletarian Revolution', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works vol.1 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I., 'The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.3 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I., 'The State and Revolution', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.2 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

V I Lenin, 'Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Democratic Revolution', in Lenin, Selected Works, vol.1 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lenin, V.I., 'What is to be Done', in Lenin, V.I., Selected Works, vol.1 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977).

Lewin, J., 'No Revolution Round the Corner', in Africa South 3 (1), 1958.

Mandela, N., 'Press Statement, released by Nelson R Mandela, Honorary Secretary of the All-in African National Council, June 26 1961', in Karis, T. and Carter, G. (Eds.), From Protest to Challenge. A Documentary History of African Politics In South Africa 1882-1964, Vol.3.

Mao Tse Tung [Mao Dzedung], 'On Correcting Mistaken Ideas in the Party', in Mao Tse Tung, Selected Military Writings of Mao Tse Tung (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967).

Mao Tse Tung [Mao Dzedong], 'On Protracted War', in Mao Tse Tung, Selected Military Writings of Mao Tse Tung (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967).

Mao Tse Tung [Mao Dzedong], 'Probems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War', in Mao Tse Tung, Selected Military Writings of Mao Tse Tung (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967).

Maree, J., 'Overview: Emergence of the Independent Trade Union Movement', in Maree, J. (Ed.), The Independent Trade Unions 1974-1984. Ten Years of the South African Labour Bulletin (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Marks, S. & Trapido, S., 'South Africa since 1976: an Historical Perspective', in Johnson, S. (Ed.), South Africa: No Turning Back (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988).

Modise, J., 'The Happiest Moment of My Life', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Motsuenyane, S. et al, Reports of the Commission of Inquiry into Certain Allegations of Cruelty and Human Rights Abuse against ANC Prisoners and Detainees by ANC Members, 20/8/93.

Mtshali, E., 'December Sixteen, '61, in Durban' in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Neumann, S. & von Hagen, M., 'Engels and Marx on Revolution, War, and the Army in Society', in Paret, P. (Ed.), Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Ngqungwana, R.M.T., 'Zambezi took a share', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Nkobi, T., 'Crossing the Zambezi', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Rapoport, A.,'Introduction' in Carl von Clausewitz, On War (London: Penguin, 1968).

SACP, 'Enemy Hidden Under the Same Colour', in SACP, South African Communists Speak. Documents from the History of the South African Communist Party 1915-1980 (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1981).

[Comrade] Rodgers, 'Basil February', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

[SACP], 'Landmarks in a Life of Struggle', in African Communist, First Quarter, 1984.

[SACP], 'Moses Mabhida - Our New General Secretary', in African Communist, First Quarter, 1981.

SACP, 'Road to South African Freedom', in SACP, South African Communists Speak. Documents from the History of the South African Communist Party 1915-1980 (London: Inkululeko Publications, 1981).

SACP, 'SACP holds its Sixth Congress', in African Communist, Second Quarter 1985.

SACP, '65 Years in the Frontline of Struggle', pamphlet, (n.d. [circa 1986].

Seekings, J., 'The Origins of Political Mobilisation in PWV Townships', Cobbett, W., and Cohen, R. (Eds.), Popular Struggles in South Africa (London: Review of African Political Economy in association with James Currey, 1988).

Shy, J., & Collier T., 'Revolutionary War', in Paret, P. (Ed.), Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Simons, H.J.,'An Addendum', in Africa South 3 (1), 1958.

Skweyiya, Z., Mabandla, B. and Marcus G., Report of the Commission of Enquiry into Complaints by Former African National Congress Prisoners and Detainees, Johannesburg, August 1992.

Slovo, J., 'Che in Bolivia' in African Communist, Third Quarter, 1969.

Slovo, J., 'Latin America and the Ideas of Regis Debray', in African Communist, Second Quarter, 1968.

Slovo, J., 'South Africa - No Middle road', in Davidson, B., Slovo, J. & Wilkinson, A.R., Southern Africa: The New Politics of Revolution (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976).

Slovo, J., 'The Sabotage Campaign', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Slovo, J., 'The Second Stage: Attempts to Get Back', in Dawn, Souvenir Issue 25th Anniversary of MK, n.d. [circa 1986], in App/A/1.

Southern African Research Service, 'Chronology of Conflict', in Work in Progress, (18) 1981.

Tambo, O.R., 'Address to the Nation, Radio Freedom, 22 July 1985', in App/B/6.

Trewhela, P., 'The ANC Prison Camps: An Audit of Three Years, 1990-1993', in Searchlight South Africa, 10, 1993.

Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, 'Adoption of Declaration', in Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, Congress 1983. Speeches and Papers delivered at the Congress, 22-23 January 1983, Selborne Hall, Johannesburg (n.p. [Johannesburg]: Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, n.d. [circa 1983]).

Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, 'Statement by the Commission on the Feasibility of a United Front against the Constitutional Reform Proposals', in Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, Congress 1983. Speeches and Papers delivered at the Congress, 22-23 January 1983, Selborne Hall, Johannesburg (n.p. [Johannesburg]: Transvaal Anti-SAIC Committee, n.d. [circa 1983]).

Turok, B., 'South Africa: The Search for a Strategy', in Miliband, R., & Saville, J., The Socialist Register 1973 (London: The Merlin Press, 1974).

Webster, E., 'A Profile of Unregistered Union Members in Durban', in Maree, J., The Independent Trade Unions 1974-1984. Ten Years of the South African Labour Bulletin (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Williams, G., 'Review Essay', in Social Dynamics 14 (1), 1988.

Wollenberg, E., 'How we wrote Armed Insurrection', in Neuberg, A., Armed Insurrection (London: New Left Books, 1970).

NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS

Argus.

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts. Part Four. The Middle East, Africa and Latin America.

Business Day.

Cape Times.

Citizen.

City Press.

Daily Dispatch.

Daily News.

Evening Post (Port Elizabeth).

Financial Mail.

Guardian (London).

Herald (Harare).

Indicator (Johannesburg).

Leader (Durban).

Leadership SA.

New Nation.

Rand Daily Mail.

Saspu Focus.

Saspu National.

Saspu State of the Nation.

Sowetan.

Sowetan Sunday Mirror.

Star.

Sunday Post.

Sunday Star.

Sunday Times (Johannesburg).

Weekly Mail.

JOURNALS

Africa South

Canadian Journal of African Studies

Journal of Modern African Studies

Journal of Southern African Studies

Monthly Review

Review of African Political Economy

SA Barometer

Searchlight South Africa

Third World Quarterly

Work in Progress

REGULAR PUBLICATIONS BY ORGANISATIONS

African Communist (SACP)

ANC News Briefing (ANC)

Dawn (ANC)

Mayibuye (ANC)

Sechaba (ANC)

Umsebenzi (SACP)

Voice of Women (ANC)

THESES

Brooks, A., From Class Struggle to National Liberation: The Communist Party of South Africa, 1940-1950 (Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Comparative Politics to the University of Sussex, September 1967).

Jochelson, K., Urban Crisis: State Reform and Popular Reaction. A Case Study of Alexandra (Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, Honours, to the Faculty of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, February 1988).

Nathan, L., Force of Arms, Force of Conscience. A Study of militarisation, the military and the anti-apartheid war resistance movement in South Africa, 1970-1988 ([Dissertation] submitted for the degree of Master of Philosophy, to the School of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, 1990).

Pillay, D., Trade Unions and Alliance Politics in Cape Town, 1979-85 (Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy to the Department of Sociology, University of Essex, September 1989).

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.