About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

Transformation (1999-)

Contents

The Mandela presidency ends and Thabo Mbeki takes the helm.  Economic policy stresses fiscal prudence, getting the "fundamentals" right. AGSiSA replaces GEAR as the engine for growth and development; Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) begins to reshape the economic landscape and financial markets. South Africa starts to come of age. Much of the material that pertains to this section has been placed in the Maharaj component as it pertains to Shades of Difference: Mac Maharaj and the Struggle for South Africa

Table of Contents

 

Documents and Reports

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.