This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.
Chapter 3 - Co-operative Government
Government of the Republic
40. (1) In the Republic, government is constituted as national, provincial and local spheres of government which are distinctive, interdependent and interrelated.
(2) All spheres of government must observe and adhere to the principles in this Chapter and must conduct their activities within the parameters that the Chapter provides.
Principles of co-operative government and intergovernmental relations
41. (1) All spheres of government and all organs of state within each sphere must
i fostering friendly relations;
ii assisting and supporting one another;
iii informing one another of, and consulting one another on, matters of common interest;
iv co-ordinating their actions and legislation with one another;
v adhering to agreed procedures; and
vi avoiding legal proceedings against one another.
(2) An Act of Parliament must
(3) An organ of state involved in an intergovernmental dispute must make every reasonable effort to settle the dispute by means of mechanisms and procedures provided for that purpose, and must exhaust all other remedies before it approaches a court to resolve the dispute.
(4) If a court is not satisfied that the requirements of subsection (3) have been met, it may refer a dispute back to the organs of state involved.