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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1986. Restoration of South African Citizenship Act No 73

The leaders of the National Party "had began [sic!] to recognize that those who worked permanently within the borders of the republic, whose residency rights were being acknowledged ... and whose right to some form of political participation was now accepted, ought to be granted citizenship status. However, for those who had lost that status when the four homelands of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei (called the TBVC national states) became 'independent' [see the BANTU HOMELANDS CONSTITUTION ACT of 1971], the situation was ambiguous ... In essence, under the act only those who could prove they were born within the republic prior to their homeland's independence, and could show they were continually employed and resident in 'white' South Africa since, would be eligible to have their citizenship restored" (Price 1991: 140).

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.