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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1955. Departure from the Union Regulation Act No 34

This made it "an offence to leave South Africa without a passport or equivalent document. A person who is refused a passport may be given an 'exit permit' and this shall be given to such a person if he satisfies the Secretary of the Interior that he intends to leave the country permanently. He does, however, forfeit his citizenship and thus becomes a stateless person under international law. If he returns he is deemed to have left South Africa without a permit and is subject to the penalty for unlawful departure, that is imprisonment for not less than three months and not more than two years" (Dugard 1978: 142).

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.