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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

1857. Kaffir Pass Act No 23

This "prohibited Xhosa from entering the colony except to work" (Crais 1992: 212).

Crais (1992: 194) mentions that ACTS 23 & 27 of 1857, presumably referring to this and the KAFFIR EMPLOYMENT ACT, were amended in 1867 (possibly by the VAGRANCY ACT).

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.