Madiba was a fighter. As a young boy from the Eastern Cape one of his favourite pastimes was stick fighting and, as he grew older, he became a boxer and enjoyed the “science of combat”. This fighting spirit was harnessed – he was one of those who formed the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe (Spear of the Nation), and he received military training from the Algerian National Liberation Front at bases in Morocco.
Yet violence was not the only way in which Madiba fought. He fought in court as an attorney and as an accused. As a prisoner he fought for his dignity, for respect and for the liberation of the country, despite being confined to a small island off the Cape coast. When he left prison he fought for democracy, fought for reconciliation and fought for justice.
The “weapons” that he used changed, from the hands of a boxer, to the soldier’s gun, to knowledge of the law, to the persuasion of a politician. However, in reflection in 2003 he noted that “The best weapon is to sit down and talk.” Madiba’s fighting spirit and his belief in dialogue have been key inspirations in machining the Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF).
The past four years that I have spent at the helm of the Foundation have been a tumultuous period. However, events over the last 18 months have made me surer that we lie at the precipice of a profound and fundamental change.
Within the country we have seen increases in incidents of violent crime, higher unemployment, and visible corruption in the public and private sector. Globally, political polarisation, ethnic chauvinism and white supremacy have become normalised. The failure of democracy to deliver has seen, in the words of activist Khaya Sithole, a replacement of the politics of participation with the politics of ratification. In the analysis of researchers at the NMF, democracy itself has been captured.
In response to this capture, and to institutional violence, looting, racism, sexism and inequality, new forms of resistance have emerged. A new language has developed to resist oppression, and new ways of building movements, dialogue and exchange have flourished.
As we move into the centenary of Madiba’s birth, a year that we hope will provide the inspiration and impetus for change, we hark back to Madiba’s fighting spirit for justice and his “weapons” of resistance. Over the past two years, both the board and the management team of the Nelson Mandela Foundation have grappled with how to position our organisation in a way that will play to our strengths and be a conduit for the radical change necessary.
This requires sustained reflection and a sense of purpose that speaks to the moment as well as to the values of Madiba, and also to the need for a new liberatory vision of the future. In doing so, we have re-engaged with our overarching purpose as an organisation, to define our type of activism as the “weapons” of change.
It is our belief that above the noise of politicking, the protection of privilege and righteous rage, there is need for a new social compact, based on social justice, which can be expressed in new forms of politics and economics.
We know that this goal will take many years and may only emerge after social disorder. However, in the short term the NMF can strive to foster conditions that will support and enable a new and better way of collective living.
Four key lines will underpin these goals:
It is through these interventions that the NMF will take on an activist role, leveraging our unique position and rooting our interventions with experience and robust research, while remaining a trusted convener drawing on the Mandela legacy. Our organisation has a particular role to play within an increasingly resilient and resourceful civil society.
We are inspired by hundreds of people on a daily basis – from our Annual Lecture speaker, Amina J Mohammed, who has centred gender and the environment at the highest levels; to Matshidiso “Tshidi” Mokoape, a young woman who has dedicated her life to assisting disabled and orphaned children with a home; to Mark Heywood and his team at Section 27, who have used the courts and the Constitution for equality, dignity and accountability; to the most marginalised, like the young Michael Komape.
Amina, Tshidi, Mark and the NMF all share a vision of the future that places people at the centre of this new social compact – one that centralises Madiba's values, including ubuntu. And while the exact form of this social compact may change, what we do share is knowing what we do not want.
We know that we shouldn’t have a society where Section 27 is in court for social justice. Instead we should create a society in which the state and elites are in constant dialogue with the people; a society in which Tshidi doesn’t need to rely on the generosity of others to keep afloat and where she never needs to turn a child away; and where Amina doesn’t have to force states to protect women from men or demand equality.
We have to live up to the Setswana adage that goes, “Ngwana ke sejo wa tlhakanelwa”, which simply means a child belongs to us all – we carry the responsibility of raising children who won't need counselling to deal with our woundedness. As a nation it is our collective responsibility to raise our children to be better people; it is our collective national duty to build the future generations that Madiba so dearly loved.
As we move towards 2018 and celebrate the life of Madiba, it is our duty to celebrate his fighting spirit. But more importantly, we must work towards that new vision. In the words of Madiba, “A movement without a vision would be a movement without moral foundation.”
But this vision and dream must always be renewed. As Oshebeng Koonyaditse recently observed, Martin Luther King had a dream which he did not live to see happen. We continue to dream to see it happen.
Drawing on our new overarching purpose:
Our purpose is not to enter the political fray, or to sustain any particular political model. It is to work towards building new communities to enable dialogue and new forms of social purpose and solidarity
Our purpose is not to solve current problems on their own terms, but to address them in a way that enables new social possibilities to emerge. Our vision looks to the future, and to the social conditions that will empower us to meet that future
I thank all of those who have made our work to date possible. This includes donors, staff, trustees, speakers and service providers. As we move towards building a vision for the future, having you at our side guiding us and following us makes us stronger. Re tletse ditebogo!