Mamphela Ramphele has been a student activist, a medical doctor, a community development activist, a researcher, a university executive and a global public servant, and is now an active citizen in both the public and private sectors.
Following the Soweto Uprising in 1976, she was detained without trial, released after five months and soon afterwards served with an apartheid banning order.
She studied medicine at the then University of Natal, has a B Com degree, a Diploma in Tropical Hygiene, a Diploma in Public Health and a PhD in Social Anthropology. She went on to become vice-chancellor of UCT, then one of four managing directors of the World Bank, based in Washington, DC.
She is the author of several books and publications on socio-economic issues in South Africa, and has received numerous national and international awards. She served as chairperson of Gold Fields, Circle Capital Ventures (Pty) Limited and the Technology Innovation Agency, and as a director of the Medi-Clinic Corporation Limited and Remgro Limited.
She was founder of the Open Society Foundation for South Africa and the Citizens Movement. In January 2013, she became the Leader of Agang SA, which won two seats in the national elections in May 2014. Post-elections, she has stepped away from party politics to return to her role as an active citizen.
"We have come a long way" – Daily Maverick, 9 August 2015