About this site

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

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Transvaal Indian Congress (TIC)

Originally known as the Transvaal British Indian Association, the TIC came into prominence in the 1940s, participating with the Natal Indian Congress* (NIC) in a protracted passive resistance campaign that began in 1946 in angry response to the Trading and Occupation Land Bill introduced in 1943 (the 'Pegging Act') and the Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act of 1946 (the Ghetto Act). By this time the leadership of the TIC (under Dr Yusuf Dadoo) and the NIC (under Dr G.M. Naicker) had passed to a group of younger, more assertive men, many of whom had socialist leanings. The desire to form closer links with other anti-apartheid bodies across racial lines led to the signing of the so-called Doctor's Pact in 1947 with Dadoo of the TIC, Naicker of the NIC and Dr A.B.Xuma, agreeing to joint action between the SAIC* and the ANC.*

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.