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This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. It is the product of almost two decades of research and includes analyses, chronologies, historical documents, and interviews from the apartheid and post-apartheid eras.

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1936. Native Trust & Land Act No 18

According to this act, the land set aside for reserves was extended from 7.3% (see the NATIVE LAND ACT of 1913) to almost 13%, but this goal was apparently never accomplished (Lapping 1986: 204). More specifically, it forbade any ownership and/or purchase of land by 'Natives' outside the stipulated reserves.

"In the late 1930s and 1940s Betterment planning was enforced and imposed strict controls over communities - particularly those on trust land. This led to the expansion of the role of both Native Commissioners and Agricultural Officers. Betterment planning [which apparently covered this and other laws] included - in varying degrees - restrictions on ploughing, prohibitions on cutting trees, the culling of cattle [see the STOCK LIMITATION ACT of 1950], the division of arable and grazing land and the reduction of field size" (Delius 1993: 138f).

This resource is hosted by the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, but was compiled and authored by Padraig O’Malley. Return to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory site.