Netherlands / Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

The first anti-apartheid activity in the Netherlands dates back to 1956 with a protest meeting against the Treason Trial in South Africa. There has always been a special interest in the Netherlands for South Africa due to the colonial era links between the two countries. There was a wide range of anti-apartheid organisations active in the Netherlands, often organised according to (formal or informal) political affiliation. Besides the anti-apartheid groups at national and local level, there were also many other organisations with anti-apartheid activities.


Anti-Apartheid Organisations/People

Anti-Apartheid Movement Netherlands / Anti-Apartheids Beweging Nederland (AABN)

The AABN operated from 1961 till 1994 and was one of the major organisations in the Netherlands. It continued the work of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (CZA) and its solidarity with the liberation movements was unconditional. Besides campaigns, focussed on boycott activities and political prisoners, it also organised grass roots based activities with practical solidarity through its committees dealing with education, women, culture, etc. It was instrumental in the formation of several specialist organisations (see below).  It was part of the Liaison Group. The AABN stopped operating in 1994 and continued as the Institute on Southern Africa (IZA) and merged with the KZA and the EMS in 1997 to form the Netherlands Institute on Southern Africa (NIZA). Since September 2007 NIZA has been associated with ActionAid International.

The IISH (IISG) holds the complete archive of the organisation, including audio-visual materials, photographs, videos, etc.

http://www.iisg.nl 

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a substantial collection covering the period 1972-1993. It contains publications, newsletters and campaign materials.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Boycott Outspan Campaign / Boycot Outspan Aktie (BOA)

The BOA was established in 1970 by Essau du Plessis, an exiled South African. It mainly campaigned for the consumer boycott of Outspan fruit in the Netherlands.

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds the entire archive of the organisation.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Broadcasters for Radio Freedom / Omroep voor Radio Freedom (OvRF)

The OvRF started in 1982 on the initiative of the AABN and mobilised people in the broadcasting sector to support Radio Freedom, the radio station of the ANC.  Their aim being to raise financial support to train and equip several broadcasting stations for Radio Freedom.  The organisation operated till 1995.

The IISH holds the complete archive of the organisation which forms an integral part of the Dutch AAM archive.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a small collection covering the period 1985-1991 and contains publications, campaign materials and other papers.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Culture for Another South Africa (CASA)

CASA was initiated by the AABN in 1986 to organise a big conference and festival in which hundreds of cultural workers from the ANC and from inside South Africa participated to discuss the future cultural policy of the country and to exchange with Dutch cultural workers. It closed down in 1988.

The IISH holds the complete archive of the organisation which forms an integral part of the Dutch AAM archive.

http://www.iisg.nl


Defence and Aid Fund Netherlands / DAF Nederland

DAF Netherlands was affiliated to the IDAF and existed from 1965 till 1991.  It concentrated on fundraising for the defence of political prisoners and support to their families in South Africa. It also published informational materials.

The IISH holds the complete archive of the organisation covering the period 1957-1991.

The collection Joop Voogd at the IISG also holds material relating to DAF Netherlands.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives (Robben Island Museum) holds a substantial collection on microfilm.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Foundation Malibongwe / Stichting Malibongwe

The Foundation Malibongwe was initiated by the AABN in 1988 to organise a women’s conference with ANC women and women from inside South Africa to exchange information and to discuss gender policies for a new South Africa. It closed down in 1991.

The IISH holds the complete archive of the organisation which forms an integral part of the Dutch AAM archive.

http://www.iisg.nl


Holland Committee on Southern Africa / Komitee Zuiderlijk Afrika (KZA)

The KZA existed from 1976 till 1996. It continued the work of the Angola Committee which started in 1961 in support of the liberation movements in the Portuguese colonies. It fundraised for material support to the liberation movements. One of its big campaigns was the oil boycott, mainly directed against (Royal Dutch) Shell. It bought shares in order to be able to attend shareholders meetings where it could pressure Shell to withdraw from South Africa. It initiated the formation of the Shipping Research Bureau, together with Kairos, and was part of the Liaison Group. The KZA merged with the AABN and the EMF in 1997 to form NIZA.

The IISH holds complete archive of the KZA as well as the Angola Committee.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a collection covering the period 1969-1990 and contains campaign materials, publications and information sheets.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Karel Roskam

Karel Roskam was a radio journalist with the progressive broadcaster Vara. He was also a member of Omroep voor Radio Freedom. He made numerous radio programmes and interviewed many people during the period 1961-1992.

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a substantial collection of the audio tapes, campaign materials, newspaper articles and photographs.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Ma Thoko

Ma Thoko was initiated by several gay members of the AABN, together with gay organisations in the Netherlands. It existed from 1990-1993 as a support group of non-racist gay organisations and policy in South Africa, especially GLOW.

IISH holds the complete archive of the group and forms an integral part of the AABN archive.

http://www.iisg.nl


Municipalities against Apartheid / Lagere overheden tegen Apartheid (LOTA)

In the Netherlands, as in several other countries, municipalities became active against apartheid in the second half of the 1980s. Their activities were especially directed towards consumer boycott campaigns and they worked with the national AAMs.

The IISH holds several, small archives of these local campaigns.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds several small collections.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Pieter Boersma

Pieter Boersma is a photographer in Amsterdam who has been working with the national AAMs and the Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa (AWEPAA) for many years. He took photographs of demonstrations, conferences, visited projects of the ANC in Africa and attended international anti-apartheid conferences.

The IISH holds his complete archive. It contains correspondence, press cuttings, campaign materials and conference materials. Many of his photographs form part of the AAMs archive at the Institute.

http://www.iisg.nl

A selection of 200 of his photographs can be found at Aluka.

http://www.aluka.org


Shipping Research Bureau (SRB)

The Shipping Research Bureau was a specialist organisation, mainly dealing with research into the oil trade with South Africa and alerting the world to breaches of the UN oil embargo. It pressured national governments to adopt sanctions against South Africa. It was founded by the KZA and the Working Group Kairos in 1980 and continued till 1995.

The main archives are currently at the offices of NIZA and the intention is to house them with the IISG.

The IISH also holds archival materials covering the period 1982-1993 and they contain mainly reports.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWC/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a substantial collection covering the period 1979-1992. It contains newsletters, publications, campaign materials relating to the Dutch oil embargo against South Africa.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Support group Klaas de Jonge & Hélène Passtoors / Steungroep Klaas de Jonge & Hélène Passtoors

This Dutch/Belgian couple was arrested in South Africa in 1985 for smuggling weapons and explosives for the ANC into the country. Klaas de Jonge managed to seek refuge in the Dutch embassy in Pretoria, causing a diplomatic row, where he stayed for 2 years until swapped with a South African prisoner. Hélène Passtoors was convicted of High Treason and imprisoned from 1985-1989. The Support group which campaigned for their release closed down in 1989.

The IISH holds the complete archive of the organisation which forms an integral part of the Dutch AAM archive.

http://www.iisg.nl


The State Archive / Het Staatsarchief

This is a collection of mainly the Dutch squatter movement and its activities against Apartheid, including those by Rara (guess who).  The movement carried out radical actions against companies dealing with South Africa and operated in a semi-underground manner. It contains campaign materials, press releases and documents.

A separate archive of Bluf – the weekly publication of the squatter movement exists as well and covers the period 1981-1988. The archive contains articles on anti-apartheid activities

The IISH holds the collection.

http://www.iisg.nl


Working Group Kairos / Werkgroep Kairos

The Working Group Kairos was founded in 1970 in support of the Christian Institute in South Africa. Its main focus was on human rights violations and to raise support for sanctions and disinvestments and campaigned against Shell.  It worked especially in the Christian community in the Netherlands and was instrumental in the foundation of the SRB.

The Historical Papers at University of the Witwatersrand (William Cullen Library) holds the complete archive of the organisation. The collection covers the period from 1970 to 2002.

http://www.historicalpapers.wits.ac.za

The IISH holds a substantial collection covering the period 1971-2000. It contains newspaper clippings, meetings, correspondence, annual reports and papers concerning the attitude of political organisations, churches and companies towards South Africa.

http://www.iisg.nl

The UWT/RIM Mayibuye Archives holds a collection covering the period 1969-1993. It contains mainly publications.

http://www.robben-island.org.za


Other Organisations/People

Amnesty International Netherlands

Amnesty International (AI) Netherlands started in 1968 and was mainly active around issues concerning political prisoners, the death sentence and other human rights violations in South Africa.

The IISH holds the entire archive of the organisation and covers the period 1968-1996.

http://www.iisg.nl


Dutch Communist Party / Communistische Partij Nederland (CPN)

The CPN was founded in 1935 and existed till 1991 when it merged with other political parties. The Working Group South Africa of the Party organised its solidarity work with South Africa and maintained contacts with the national AAMs and international solidarity organisations.

The IISH has the complete archives of the organisation covering the period 1933-1992.

http://www.iisg.nl


Foundation X-Y Movement/Stichting X-Y Beweging

The X-Y Movement started in 1973 and it received its funds from its members. Its main aim was to support liberation movements and work towards international structural change. It was active in boycott campaigns, gave direct support to liberation movements as well as information activities. It also supported the work of the national AAMs.

The IISH holds the archives of the organisation and they cover the period 1967-2000.

http://www.iisg.nl 


General Dutch Youth Alliance / Algemeen Nederlands Jeugd Verbond (ANJV)

The ANJV started in 1945 as a socialist youth organisation. It was very active in international solidarity campaigns and besides organising its own activities, it also participated in campaigns organised by the national AAMs.  They were especially active in organising students at secondary schools.

The IISH has their entire archive. The documents relating to South Africa cover the period 1962-1989 and contain campaign materials, correspondence and other printed materials.

http://www.iisg.nl


General Students Association Amsterdam / Algemene Studenten Vereniging Amsterdam (ASVA)

The ASVA was founded in 1945 as a student organisation at the University of Amsterdam. It became involved in general political activities and was very active in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as own campaigns for the scientific isolation of South Africa.

The IISH holds the complete archive covering the period 1945-1999.

http://www.iisg.nl


Women’s Union of the Dutch Labour Party / Vrouwenbond Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)

The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. It changed its name to Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAM’s as well as Amnesty International.

The IISH holds the complete archive till 1989.

http://www.iisg.nl


Working Group Woman, Church, Twothirds World/ Werkgroep Vrouw, Kerk, Tweederde Wereld (VKW)

VKW was founded in 1976 by representatives from Christian women’s organisations and continued to operate till 1991.  It was a solidarity organisation with women in developing countries and encouraged women in the Netherlands to be active for change. It had a special working group on South Africa and worked especially on practical support to women’s organisations in South Africa and boycott campaigns.

The IISH holds the entire archive.

http://www.iisg.nl 


“We and Them “Foundation / Stichting “Wij en Zij”

The We and Them Foundation started in 1982 by the International Development Cooperation of the Federation of Dutch Trade Unions (FNV). Besides direct support to trade unions in South Africa, the foundation also participated in campaigns of the national AAMs. It changed its name to FNV Mondial Foundation in 1997.

The IISH holds a substantial collection covering the period 1979-1999. It contains correspondence, financial reports, reports of visits, campaign materials, publications, project reports and country reports.

http://www.iisg.nl


Resources

African Skies

African Skies is a foundation for audio-visual archives and productions on Southern Africa founded in 1995. Its roots can be found in the Dutch Anti-Apartheid Movement.

The entire archive is held by the organisation itself and a digital copy has been donated to the National Film, Video and Sound Archive in Pretoria, South Africa.

http://www.africaserver.nl

http://www.national.archives.gov.za


International Institute for Social History

The IISH holds many collections of the international trade union secretariats and international human rights organisations. It also holds the archives of most Dutch trade unions and AAMs.

http://www.iisg.nl/